Saturday, March 5, 2011

The Surgical Treatment of Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer is a cancer that forms in the tissues of the breast, usually the ducts (tubes that carry milk to the nipple) and lobules (glands, which make milk). It may occur in both men and women, although male breast cancer is very rare. The research shows that seventy-one percent of black woman diagnosed with breast cancer experience a five-year survival rate, while eighty-six percent of white women experience five-year survival. The first sign of breast cancer usually show up on a woman’s mammogram before it can be felt or any other symptoms are present. They are a lot of origin of breast cancer; risks for breast cancer include a family history, atypical hyperplasia, and delaying pregnancy until after age 30 or never becoming pregnant, early menstruation, late menopause, current use or use in the last ten years of oral contraceptives and daily consumption of alcohol.
The scientists discovered some treatment for breast cancer. A sentinel lymph node biopsy is a new technique. This technique was developed as a test to determine if breast cancer has spread to the lymph ducts or lymph nodes in the axilla without having to do a traditional axillary lymph node dissection.  The research from the University of Michigan has discovered that the lymph ducts of the breast usually drain to one lymph node first, before draining through the rest of the lymph nodes underneath the arm. That is the lymph node that helps sound the warning that the cancer has spread. Lymph node mapping helps identify that lymph node, and a sentinel lymph node biopsy removes only that lymph node. The sentinel lymph node is identified in one of two ways, either by a weak radioactive dye that can be measured by a hand held probe, or by a blue dye that stains the lymph tissue a bright blue so it can be seen. Most breast cancer surgeons use a combination of both dyes. This procedure is new. The “best” way to administer the dye, which dyes to use, and the benefits and risks of the procedure in various situations, is still being studied. A traditional axillary lymph node dissection is the “tried and true” method, and is still considered the “gold standard”.
The breast cancer is a huge problem around the world especially for women. There is no quite way to prevent breast cancer. But there are a few things that all women can do to reduce their risk and help to prevent it if it is found at an early or more treatable stage. We can lower breast cancer’s risk by changing those risk factors that are under your control. We can do it by limiting alcohol use, exercising regularly, and staying at a healthy weight. There are a lot of institutions that help in preventing the breast cancer. If we join them and receive education form them we can live better with or without breast cancer.

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